If you’ve recently developed spongiotic dermatitis, you may have wondered what to do next. Fortunately, this condition is very treatable. With treatment, the symptoms of spongiotic dermatitis will become more manageable and less frequent. You should consult a dermatologist to develop a treatment plan. Oftentimes, treatment will include medication and skincare. Additionally, lifestyle changes can reduce the risk of future flare-ups.
While there are many common dermatologic conditions associated with a sponge-like skin reaction, this characteristic is not enough to make a precise diagnosis. Diagnosis may involve examining the underlying lesions and determining their severity. Fortunately, there are several diagnostic tests available, which can narrow down the possibilities. You should also consult with a dermatopathologist if you’re unsure of the underlying cause of the rash.
Spongiotic dermatitis is a type of acute eczema that causes itchy, cracked skin. This condition is easy to treat, but treatment may involve a combination of home remedies and prescription medication. If you’ve been diagnosed with this condition, you should seek treatment immediately. It may be the first sign of a more serious ailment, such as atopic dermatitis or cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.
Symptoms of spongiotic dermatitis may include an increase in intercellular space between keratinocytes and a focal exocytosis of lymphocytes and neutrophils in the epidermis. However, eosinophil exocytosis is less common than lymphocyte or neutrophil exocytosis, but should be considered more a diagnostic factor. In spongiotic dermatitis, desmosomal vesicles may form, containing fluid, Langerhans cells, and acantholytic keratinocytes.
Scanned skin sections show spongiosis in the upper to middle layers of the epidermis, and inflammatory cells exocytosis in the lower layers. In contrast, pemphigus vulgaris has diffuse spongiosis in the same level of the epidermis, as does spongigus foliaceus. Further immunofluorescence will confirm the diagnosis.